Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib(Sikhs 6th Guru) became Guru on 11th June 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Sahib Ji.
The ceremonial rites were performed by Baba Buddha Ji(He also served Guru Arjan Devji Maharaj), Guru Hargobind Ji asked Baba Buddha to adorn him with a SWORD instead of the Seli of Nanak which had been used by the earlier Gurus.
Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji then put on not 1 but 2 swords; one on his left hand and the other on his right. He declared that the two swords signify “Miri” and “Piri” (Temporal Power and Spiritual Power). One would deliver a powerful blow to the oppressor and enemy and the other would protect the innocent.
He told his followers:
“In Wahegurus house, spiritual and temporal potential shall be combined”. “My rosary shall be the sword-belt and on my dastar, I shall wear a kalgi”. (A kalgi is an ornament for the dastar, which at the time was worn by Mughal and Hindu rulers.)
Guruji carried the same light of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, but he added to it the quality of the sword. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was also invented Taus. Once, Guru Ji watched a peacock singing and wished to make an instrument to mimic the same sound as the peacock, so the Taus was invented.
Firstly, Guruji Introduced martial arts and weapons training and created a standing Military force for the defense of the masses following his father’s Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji martyrdom.
Secondly, Carried 2 swords of Miri and Piri which signified Temporal and Spiritual Power.
Thirdly, He was the one who Built the Akal Takht in 1608.
Also, Founded the city of Kiratpur in District Rupnagar, (old name Ropar), Punjab, India.
Bandi Chorr Divas – Was held in the fort of Gwalior for 1 year, for the recovery of the ill Emperor Jahangir (the Guru had willingly gone to the fort). When Jahangir ordered his release from the kingdom, he refused to leave unless 52 imprisoned Hindu Rajas were released as well. Cleverly he earned their freedom and joy by turning the Emperor’s own words against him. To mark this occasion, Sikhs all over celebrate Bandi Chorr Divas to celebrate his release and return to Amritsar.
He Was the First Guru to engage in warfare, fighting and winning 4 defensive battles with Mughal forces.
Hargobindpur – In the Majha region of Punjab, is named after him, which he won over from Mughals after defeating them in a battle. He fought several battles against the Mughals and won each and every one of them.
After Jahangir’s demise(1627) the next emperor, Shah Jahan persecuted the Sikh community in earnest.
The Sikh community under Hargobind Sahib destroyed Shah Jahn’s armies four times, crushing the myth of Mughal invincibility. Hargobind Sahib also added: It is the right and duty of the Sikhs to defend their faith by the sword if necessary.
Battle Amritsar (1628) – The 1st battle of Guru Hargobind and the forces of the Mughal Empire. Shah Jahan was worried over the growing influence of the Sikhs and angered by the loss of a valued Hawk seeks to teach Guru Hargobind a lesson. In Return, gets defeated by the Sikhs.
Battle Hargobindpur (1629)- The battle was fought near the village of Ruhela where Guru Hargobind Ji and his warriors defeated the Mughal forces under Turkish chieftains and the governor, Abdullah Khan. After the great victory, the area became the town of Sri Hargobindpur.
Battle Gurusar (1631) – Guru Hargobind’s horses were snatched by the cruel Mughals and recovered and brought back by Gursikh, Bhai Bidhi Chand.
Battle Of Kartarpur (1634) – The great Battle of Kartarpur was a siege of Kartarpur by the Mughal Empire forces and was the last major battle of the Mughal-Sikh Wars of Guru Hargobind’s period of Guruship. Sikhs emerged enormously victorious
Battle Kiratpur (1634) – Hostile Muslim local rulers and Pathans of Ropar were planning an attack on guru sahib. But some Sikhs heard about their plans and were able to thwart the planned ambush by attacking and crushing them first. When Guruji reached(padiala) he gave blessings to the martyred Sikhs.